Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repositorio.fei.edu.br/handle/FEI/3516
Title: Surface integrity of INCONEL 718 turned under cryogenic conditions at high cutting speeds
Authors: PEREIRA, WILLIANS HELENO
Sergio Delijaicov
Issue Date: 26-Jun-2019
Abstract: Nickel alloys such as Inconel 718 have been widely used in the aerospace, oil and gas, and chemical industries, since they have excellent properties that combine high creep resistance and high mechanical strength, fatigue and corrosion. However, these properties make these alloys extremely difficult to machine, due to a high level of heat generation during material removal, causing rapid wear of cutting tools and a detrimental effect on the surface integrity, reducing the fatigue life of the machined component and lowering the productivity. Looking at the literature, it seemed that there is an opportunity to study the surface integrity of Inconel 718, turned under cryogenic conditions at cutting speeds of 250, 275 and 300 m/min. For these reasons, this work aims to evaluate the influence of the cutting parameters on the surface integrity of Inconel 718 turned under cryogenic conditions using liquid nitrogen (LN2) at high cutting speeds. A whisker-reinforced ceramic tool was used in order to provide wear and shock resistance at high cutting speeds; these are factors that are associated with surface integrity in terms of roughness Ra, residual stresses, microhardness and cutting forces. A central composite design was chosen as factorial planning for the independent variables including cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut when carrying out the experiments. Cryogenic cooling resulted in an average cutting force of 267 N, where the penetration force was higher. The roughness Ra was 0.52 μm and was influenced by the feed rate and depth of cut. The highest tensile residual stresses in the circumferential direction with LN2 and under dry conditions were 1394 MPa and 1237 MPa, respectively and were influenced by the depth of cut. Small changes in microhardness occurred at a depth of 0.3 mm from beneath machine surface and the presence of a white layer was not observed. Although tensile residual stresses were slightly higher when using LN2 compared to dry machining on the surface, the use of LN2 caused higher compressive residual stresses at the subsurface, which can improve the fatigue life of machined components at high cutting speeds. The results showed that lower cutting parameters tend to give the best results in terms of the cutting force and surface integrity.
Keywords: Turning
Inconel 718
Surface integrity
Cryogenic cooling
Liquid nitrogen
Journal: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
Citation: PEREIRA, W. H.; DELIJAICOV, S. Surface integrity of INCONEL 718 turned under cryogenic conditions at high cutting speeds. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY, v. 1, p. 1-15, 2019.
Access Type: Acesso Restrito
DOI: 10.1007/s00170-019-03946-1
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