Optimal coordination strategy to form and dissolve truck platoons on a highway stretch

dc.contributor.authorDE SOUZA MENDES, A.
dc.contributor.authorFabrizio Leonardi
dc.contributor.authorDE TOLEDO FLEURY, A.
dc.contributor.authorOrcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8056-7645
dc.contributor.authorOrcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8056-7645
dc.date.accessioned2022-10-01T06:03:03Z
dc.date.available2022-10-01T06:03:03Z
dc.date.issued2022
dc.description.abstract© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to The Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering.This paper presents a coordination strategy to optimally form and dissolve N-truck platoons on a highway stretch. Truck platooning, a set of trucks driving with small inter-vehicle distances, can benefit the transportation sector by reducing the overall fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions while increasing traffic throughput. However, different itineraries and delivery time restrictions may limit the opportunities to from platoons on a large scale. Therefore, a coordination strategy must be capable of merging scattered trucks and splitting the platoon considering the constraints from each participant to avoid penalties. To address this issue, an optimization problem is formulated to provide optimal speed profiles for an unlimited number of trucks during the merging, platooning and splitting phases of the coordination. An equivalent single stretch representation is presented to simplify complex road networks using appropriate merging and splitting constraints. The resulting optimal speed profiles are presented for 2, 3 and 10 trucks highlighting the capability to handle different desired traveling speeds without compromising the itinerary of each truck and allowing the overtake of trucks directly in the optimization problem. Sensitivity analyses are used to investigate the savings potential according to the main parameters of the coordination. Finally, the proposed algorithm is evaluated in a simulation study using validated vehicle and consumption models with real road topography data. In a 100 km Brazilian highway stretch, scenarios with two and three scattered trucks with substantial initial separation distances are evaluated and present energy efficient maneuvers under the proposed coordination strategy.
dc.description.issuenumber10
dc.description.volume44
dc.identifier.citationSOUZA, A. S.; LEONARDI, F.; FLEURY, A. T. Optimal coordination strategy to form and dissolve truck platoons on a highway stretch. Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering, v. 44. 10, Oct. 2022.
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s40430-022-03751-0
dc.identifier.issn1806-3691
dc.identifier.urihttps://repositorio.fei.edu.br/handle/FEI/4590
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering
dc.rightsAcesso Restrito
dc.subject.otherlanguageCoordination
dc.subject.otherlanguageEnergy saving
dc.subject.otherlanguageHeavy-duty vehicles
dc.subject.otherlanguageOptimization
dc.subject.otherlanguagePlatoon
dc.titleOptimal coordination strategy to form and dissolve truck platoons on a highway stretch
dc.typeArtigo
fei.scopus.citations0
fei.scopus.eid2-s2.0-85138115249
fei.scopus.subjectCoordination
fei.scopus.subjectCoordination strategy
fei.scopus.subjectEnergy savings
fei.scopus.subjectEnergy-savings
fei.scopus.subjectHeavy duty vehicles
fei.scopus.subjectOptimisations
fei.scopus.subjectOptimization problems
fei.scopus.subjectPlatoon
fei.scopus.subjectSplittings
fei.scopus.subjectTruck platoons
fei.scopus.updated2024-05-01
fei.scopus.urlhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85138115249&origin=inward
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