Attainment and characterization of carboxymethyl chitosan hydrogels by enzymatic cross-linking

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Morandim-Giannetti A.A.
Wecchi P.O.
Silverio P.A.
Carlstron R.
Bersanetti P.A.
Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
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GIANNETTI, Andreia de Araujo Morandim; WECCHI, PATRICK DE OLIVEIRA; SILVÉRIO, PAULA DE ARAÚJO; CARLSTRON, REGINA; BERSANETTI, PATRÍCIA ALESSANDRA. Attainment and characterization of carboxymethyl chitosan hydrogels by enzymatic cross-linking. JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY, v. x, n. x, p. x-x, 2019.
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© 2019, Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary.In this study, carboxymethyl chitosan hydrogels (CMCH) cross-linked with catechin in the presence of laccase (CMCH-C-L) were obtained. The synthesis and characterization of CMCH were carried out from chitosan (CH) and its cross-linking with catechin (C) in the presence of laccase (L). DSC, ATR-FTIR, and rheological analyses of the CMCH solution and CMCH-C-L hydrogel were carried out. Three main thermal events were observed in the DSC characterization with temperatures and enthalpies related to each event for CMCH: 167.2 °C/+ 523.3 J g−1, 269.1 °C/− 35.0 J g−1, and 333.3 °C/− 17.6 J g−1, possibly referring to these processes: polymerization, breaking of electrostatic interactions, and decomposition of the material, respectively. The CMCH-C-L hydrogel presented values of 165.2 °C/+ 376.6 J g−1, 266.7 °C/− 47.8 J g−1, and 333.3 °C/− 31.5 J g−1. Conversely, the chitosan presented only one thermal event of decomposition at 302.5 °C and enthalpy of − 258.5 J g−1. Rheological properties of the hydrogels (viscosities, consistency values, and flow indices) showed non-Newtonian pseudoplastic rheological behavior and that the viscosity increased approximately 150% after the reaction (134.25 mPa s for CMCH and 342.85 mPa s in CMCH-C-L) confirming the formation of cross-links after the addition of catechin and laccase. Morphological analyses of CMCH and CMCH-C-L films via SEM showed the modification of the material after the reaction with the catechin in the presence of laccase and corroborated with the results, confirming the presence of cross-links.