Exergy analysis of the body efficiency during aerobic activities

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Igarashi T.L.
Spanghero G.M.
Fernandes T.L.
Hernandez A.J.
Keutenedjian Mady C.E.
Albuquerque C.
ECOS 2018 - Proceedings of the 31st International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems
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© 2018 University of Minho. All rights reserved.The First and Second Law of Thermodynamic were applied to the human body in order to evaluate the quality of the energy conversion process during muscle activity. Such an implementation represents an important issue in the exergy analysis of the body, because there is a difficulty in literature to evaluate the performed power in some activities. To this aim, the exergy analysis was applied to an aerobic activity (treadmill running test) to evaluate the efficiency of energy conversion process in the body and cells. Physiological and test data such as, oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide production, skin temperature, treadmill velocity, air temperature, relative humidity, were measured. Different methods to calculate the performed power were studied and the results compared with the First Law of Thermodynamics concerning to evaluate the accuracy of equations. From the Second Law of Thermodynamics point of view it was obtained similar, yet complementary results. Some methods resulted in efficiency around 10% others close to the maximum possible performed work, which is the exergy released in ATP hydrolysis (around 50 to 60%).