Evolution of the open innovation paradigm: Towards a contingent conceptual model

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Lopes A.P.V.B.V.
de Carvalho M.M.
Technological Forecasting and Social Change
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Lopes, Ana Paula Vilas Boas Viveiros; DE CARVALHO, MARLY MONTEIRO. Evolution of the open innovation paradigm: Towards a contingent conceptual model. TECHNOLOGICAL FORECASTING AND SOCIAL CHANGE, v. 132, p. 284-298, 2018.
© 2018 Elsevier Inc.Openness has increasingly become a trend in innovation management. This study aims to propose a contingent conceptual framework for open innovation that reflects the evolution of this concept based on the academic literature. Besides, it aims to analyze how open innovation can affect firm and innovation performance. Additionally, it identifies the key contingent variables that affect the relationship between open innovation and performance. To accomplish these objectives, the research design is a systematic literature review, merging bibliometrics, content analysis and mind maps. The bibliometrics was applied to investigate the key references and topics. For the content analysis, a detail-coding schema was developed. Then, a mind map approach was applied towards a contingent conceptual model. Finally, a methodological triangulation was applied for understanding in-depth the insights of these research methods applied. As a result, a contingent conceptual model of open innovation has been developed. In this model, the open innovation construct is an independent variable classified as inbound or outbound, and the dependent variables are firm performance and innovation performance. Moreover, contingent variables (control and moderator) were identified, highlighting the moderate effect of knowledge flow. Finally, open innovation antecedents and enablers were identified.