Ductile fracture of advanced pipeline steels: Study of stress states and energies in dynamic impact specimens - CVN and DWTT

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Santos Pereira L.D.
Moco R.F.
Bolognesi Donato G.H.
Procedia Structural Integrity
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SANTOS PEREIRA, LETÍCIA DOS; MOÇO, RODRYGO FIGUEIREDO; DONATO, Gustavo. Ductile fracture of advanced pipeline steels: study of stress states and energies in dynamic impact specimens - CVN and DWTT. Procedia Structural Integrity, v. 13, p. 1985-1992, 2018.
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© 2018 The Authors.The development of robust protocols for assessing the structural integrity of gas pipelines is of paramount relevance, since failures can lead to financial and human losses. In this scenario, the material's ability to slow down the propagation of a running crack (crack arrest) becomes a design requirement. Several empirical models and criteria, calibrated by real pipeline burst tests, have been developed, being the Battele Two Curve Method (BTCM) one example of technique widely employed during decades. With the evolution of steels, there was a significant increase of ductility and toughness, in a way that such semi-empirical models usually based on the energy absorbed in the Charpy impact test (ISO 148-1, ASTM E-23) began to present unsatisfactory predictions. This may be explained by the fact that in current high-ductility and high-toughness materials (e.g.: API-5L X65, X80, X100), the dominant mechanism of fracture propagation is plastic collapse. Consequently, the energies involved in deforming and fracturing a laboratory specimen are remarkably altered and transferability to pipelines by means of the aforementioned models can be lost. Therefore, for a better phenomenological comprehension of the ductile fracture process under such circumstances, this work investigates Charpy and DWTT (ASTM E-436) dynamic tests assessing stress fields and respective energies involved in deformation and fracture. It is of great interest to evaluate the energy associated to steady state ductile fracture and thus try to characterize the energy available to slow down an ongoing fracture. Pipelines are references for the developments and support assumptions and some conclusions. Based on these golas, numerical analyses including damage models (XFEM and GTN) were implemented, including parameters' calibration and sensitivity analyses. The methodology closely reproduced available experimental results. Besides that, stress fields and energies could be quantified for the studied geometries and such analyses indicated the potential and limitations of Charpy and DWTT specimens to characterize the energies required to describe steady state ductile crack propagation and crack arrestability. Results support further developments related to pipeline integrity assessments.