Retardation effect of nanohydroxyapatite on the hydrolytic degradation of poly (lactic acid)

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Artigo
Data
2020-07-07
Autores
WATAI, JULIANA SATIE
CALVÃO, PATRÍCIA SCHMID
RIGOLIN, TALITA ROCHA
BETTINI, SILVIA HELENA DO PRADO
SOUZA, ADRIANA
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Periódico
POLYMER ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE
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Citação
WATAI, J. S.; CALVÃO, P. S.; RIGOLIN, T. R.; BETTINI, S. H. DO P.; SOUZA, A. M. C. Retardation effect of nanohydroxyapatite on the hydrolytic degradation of poly (lactic acid). Polymer Engineering and Science, v. 60, p. 2152-2162, 2020.
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in vitro hydrolytic degradation tests,nanohydroxyapatite,poly (lactic acid)
Resumo
Poly (lactic acid) (PLA) and PLA/nanohydroxyapatite (nHA) composites, containing 2 wt% and 5 wt% of nHA were subjected to in vitro hydrolytic degradation tests in saline phosphate solution at different temperatures (37°C, 48°C, 60°C, and 72°C) to accelerate degradation. Samples were characterized by water uptake, weight loss tests, size exclusion chromatography (SEC), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and visual analyses. Arrhenius equation was used to describe the behavior of weight loss as a function of time. The PLA activation energy of weight loss showed to be lower than that of the PLA/nHA composites, indicating that the incorporation of nHA retarded the hydrolytic degradation. The rate and percentage of weight loss increased with increasing temperature. All samples presented a decrease in Tg and an increase in degree of crystallinity as a function of time. Incorporation of nHA retarded this behavior that showed to be more expressive in PLA containing 5 wt% nHA.

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